The book of Revelation, verse 16:14-16, implies that the Devil will gathered the Kings of Earth and the whole world into a place called in hebrew, Armageddon or Har Megiddo i.e. the Mountain of Megiddo. Megiddo is a plain in Israel, which was the location of many old Fortresses and consequently many battles. Apparently, the memory of the battles had such an impact that the writers of Bible accorded it the honor of hosting the Last Battle.
Thus it should not come to us as a surprise that the first detailed historical account of a battle was of the Battle of Megiddo which took place in the season of battles (Spring) of 1457 BCE i.e. almost 3500 years ago. The battle was fought between the Egyptian empire under Pharaoh Thutmose III and his vassal states of Kadesh, Megiddo, Canaan that rose in rebellion.
Forces under Thutmose III that numbered between ten to twenty thousand and consisted of chariots and infantry marched from their border fortresses to first Gaza and then to Yahem. In total, this journey took 22 days (10 days to Gaza, one day rest and then 11 days to Yahem). The opposing forces numbered between ten to fifteen thousand. Battle of Megiddo is the first battle for which such detailed description is provided.
There were three routes to the fortress of Megiddo from Yehem. The northern and southern approaches were easy and the middle approach was a difficult one where in the soldiers could move only in single file. This would make an ambush catastrophic. Thutmose’s generals advised him to take the northern or southern approach. But the “Napoleon of Egypt” decided that his enemies would also expect him to do the same and thus followed the difficult route. It was revealed then that the northern and southern routes were defended by rebel infantry.
Thutmose III attacked next day quickly defeating the defenders who retreated to the city. Here is where the discipline that would be there in a professional standing army (like that of Tiglath Pileser III) was found missing in the Egyptian forces. Instead of pressing their attack to the city, the “army” took to plundering the enemy camp. This gave the defenders enough time to regroup inside the city. The inability to capture the city quickly resulted in a long siege of the city by Thutmose’s forces. The siege took seven months and at the end of it the city fell with plunder of 340 prisoners, 2,041 mares, 191 foals, 6 stallions, 924 chariots, 200 suits of armor, 502 bows, 1,929 cattle, 22,500 sheep, and the royal armor, chariot and tent-poles of the King of Megiddo coming Egyptian’s way. I believe that the reference to royal armor and tent poles implies complete subjugation of the King of Megiddo and may be his execution. There is reference of King of Kadesh escaping but nothing about the King of Megiddo.
The battle reasserted the Egyptian dominance of Canaan and was the first step in Thutmose III extending the Egyptian empire to its greatest extent.